الإمام أبو محمد الأصيلي وروايته من الجامع الصحيح

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الإمام أبو محمد الأصيلي وروايته من الجامع الصحيح

مشاركةبواسطة admin » الأحد مايو 22, 2016 7:05 am

عبد الله الأصيلي
أبو محمد عبد الله بن إبراهيم بن محمد الأصيلي (324 هـ، أصيلا - 392 هـ، قرطبة [2]) محدث وحافظ وفقيه مالكي مغربي. ولي القضاء بسرقسطة و الشورى بقرطبة.
نشأته
ولد و نشأ بمدينة أصيلا المغربية على أرجح الأقوال،[3] كان والده إبراهيم أديبا شاعرا له قصيدة في أهل فاس منها :
دخلت فاسا وبي شوق إلى فاس * * * و الحين يأخذ بالعينين و الراس
فلست أدخل فاسا ما حييت و لو * * * أعطيت فاسا بما فيها من الناس
مساره العلمي
قدم قرطبة عام 342 هـ فسمع بها من أبو عمر بن حزم ، و محمد بن معاوية القرشي ، و أبي بكر اللؤلؤي ، و أحمد بن مطرف و غيرهم ، و ورحل إلى وادي الحجارة فسمع بها من وهب بن مسرة ثم إلى بجانة و أخذ بها عن ابن فحلون وغيره.
رحل إلى المشرق أول سنة 351 هـ فدخل القيروان و سمع بها ثم رحل برفقة أبي ميمونة دراس بن إسماعيل و أبي الحسن علي بن محمد بن خلف القابسي وكان كفيفا و كان الأصيلي هو الذي ضبط له سماعة عن المروزي بمكة صحيح البخاري برواية الفربري .
لقي بمصر أبا الطاهر البغدادي و ابن رشيق و حمزة الكناني الحافظ و أبا إسحاق بن شعبان و غيرهم ، وحج سنة 353 هـ فلقي بمكة أبا زيد المروزي سمع منه صحيح البخاري كما سبقت الإشارة إلى ذلك وأبا بكر الآجري ، و بالمدينة قاضيها أبا مروان المالكي و دخل العراق فسمع من أبي بكر الشافعي و أبي علي الصواف و أبي بكر الأبهري و غيرهم
تدبج مع الدارقطني، و كتب عنه ابن أبي زيد القيرواني وقال هو و القابسي لمن جاءهما للأخذ عنهما :ألم يقدم عليكم الأصيلي ؟ تركت - و الله - العلم وراءك "، وبه تفقه أبو عمران الفاسي و غيره ، و روى عنه المهلب بن أبي صفرة و أبو محمد ابن حزم الظاهري ، و لازمه أبو عبد الله ابن الحذاء بعد عودته من المشرق و كان يقول : لم ألق مثله في علمه بالحديث و معانيه و علله و رجاله.
قال فيه ابن حيان :
«كان أبو محمد في حفظ الحديث و معرفة الرجال و الاتقان للنقل و البصر بالنقد و الحفظ للأصول و الحذق برأي أهل المدينة و القيام بمذهب المالكية و الجدل فيه على أصول البغداديين ، فردا لا نظير له في زمانه ، بلغني من غير وجه أنه وجد في كتب الدارقطني : حدثني أبو محمد الأصيلي و لم أر مثله»

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Re: الإمام أبو محمد الأصيلي وروايته من الجامع الصحيح

مشاركةبواسطة vilix » الأحد يوليو 28, 2019 2:09 pm


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Re: الإمام أبو محمد الأصيلي وروايته من الجامع الصحيح

مشاركةبواسطة Shiza Khan » الأربعاء سبتمبر 25, 2019 7:49 am

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